Dimension 1: Health

All

Outcome

Young South Australians are physically, mentally and emotionally healthy

Indicator

Babies are born healthy

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Birthweight

  • In 2021, 6.7% of live births in SA were of low birthweight and the national average was 6.3%.
  • The percentage of low birthweights in SA has been stable for the past ten years.
  • SA has had a higher percentage of low birthweights than the national average for the past 10 years.
  • SA has lower proportion of low birthweight live births compared with TAS, ACT and NT.
  • NSW is the only state that has a lower proportion of low birthweights than the national average for the past 10 years.

Data Source: AIHW analysis of the National Perinatal Data Collection

Pre-term births

  • In 2021, 9.0% of live births were pre-term and the national average was 8.2%.
  • SA proportion of pre-term births has been stable for the past 10 years.
  • SA has had a higher proportion of pre-term births than the national average for the past 10 years.
  • ACT and SA have had similar trends over the past 10 years for the proportion of pre-term births.
  • NT and TAS have had a higher percentage of pre-term births than SA.
  • NSW is the only state which had lower percentage of pre-term births than the national average over the past 10 years.

Data Source: AIHW analysis of the National Perinatal Data Collection

Smoking in pregnancy

  • In 2021, 7.2% of pregnant women in SA smoked during the first 20 weeks of their pregnancy and the national average was 8.3%.
  • SA has been reducing the percentage of smoking during the first 20 weeks over the past 10 years and it has been at a higher rate than the national average.
  • In 2020 and 2021, SA had a lower proportion of pregnant women smoking in their first 20 weeks of pregnancy than the national average.
  • NSW, VIC, QLD, WA and ACT have all been lower than the national average for the past 10 years.
  • QLD had a similar decrease as SA but have plateaued in the last four years (2018 to 2021).

Data Source: Pregnancy Outcomes Unit, SA Health and AIHW analysis of the National Perinatal Data Collection

Age when giving birth

  • In 2021, only 1.4% of pregnant women were under the age of 20 when giving birth, compared to the national average of 1.5%.
  • SA proportion of pregnant women under 20 years old has been decreasing along with the national average over the past 10 years.
  • VIC and ACT have been approximately 80% less than the national average for the past 10 years.
  • NT, TAS and QLD have the highest proportions of pregnant women under the age of 20 when giving birth.

Data Source: AIHW analysis of the National Perinatal Data Collection.

Antenatal visits

  • In 2021, 84% of pregnant women in SA had their first antenatal appointment within the first 14 weeks of pregnancy.
  • SA has had a higher proportion of attendance to antenatal appointments in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, comparing with the national average.
  • SA and NT have similar proportion of attendance for the past 10 years.
  • TAS is the only state with higher proportion of antenatal attendance than SA.
  • ACT is much lower than the national average in attendance to their first antenatal appointment within the first 14 weeks  of pregnancy.

Data Source: AIHW analysis of the National Perinatal Data Collection

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Infant mortality (birth to 12 months)

Data Source: ABS, Death

Immunisation

Data Source: Australian Childhood Immunisation Register

Dimension 1: Health – testing page